The process to develop the text below followed that of earlier
global consultations agreed to during the earlier cycles of
CSD. During the last meeting at CSD 14 NGOs agreed that four
NGOs would write the policy statement, and subsequently send
it around to interested NGO networks. The NGO networks selected
were: CURES, ANPED - the Northern Alliance for Sustainability,
TWN - Third World Network, and CI Consumers International.
Further information about the CSD process, NGO participation
and the thematic clusters you can find at http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/mgroups/participation.htm
NGO policy statement for the 15th session of the
Commission for Sustainable Development (CSD) in May 2007
Because of unabated global reliance on fossil fuels and unsustainable
patterns of consumption and production, progress in promoting
sustainable development will be rendered impossible within
this CSD cycle's four themes: energy for sustainable development,
climate change, atmospheric pollution and industrial development.
The combustion of fossil fuels is a key driver for climate
change and atmospheric pollution. Fossil fuel reliance is
also causing increased external indebtedness for the least
developed countries. Lack of access to decentralised modern
energy services, favouring renewables is a key obstacle to
a just and sustainable development, including industrial development.
Based on the precautionary principle, promoting sustainable
development safeguarding the environment and promoting social
equity we need:
in energy for sustainable development -
1. a just transition from fossil fuels and nuclear energy
towards accessible and affordable energy alternatives including
energy efficiency and energy savings to achieve real sustainable
2. an equitable and just access to energy services to fulfil
basic needs and develop energy policies with time bound targets
and commitments, as an integrated element of the PRSPs and/or
NSSD, focusing on the poor to ensure greatest impacts and
institutionalising citizen involvement to meet citizen and
business needs in a sustainable fashion.
3. a transfer of existing and new energy technologies, excluding
harmful nuclear ones, to those countries in need, while respecting
and/or strengthening local and regional capacities and culture.
4. an immediate shift in energy funding and investment to
phasing out subsidies to fossil fuel and nuclear industries
in order to "level the playing field". These subsidies
dramatically hamper sustainable development and therefore
should be redirected to renewable energy and energy efficiency
funding, including access to energy for the poor.
5. to develop a comprehensive strategy on finance, redirecting
the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) and their
funds to sustainable energy including the introduction of
strengthened micro-financing for new Renewables and energy
6. to recognize and phase out Export Credit Agencies support
by 2008 for funding promoting fossil, nuclear and hydro energy
production that do not, inter alia, comply with recommendations
of the World Commission on Dams and instruct all IFIs to do
7. to halt the development of nuclear facilities as they are
neither safe, nor environmentally and economically sound and
8. to set sustainability criteria for energy production and
consumption, including the use of bioenergy to avoid negative
effects on food security, livelihood, biodiversity and the
widening of the gap between the haves and have-nots.
in industrial development
9. to emphasise that industrial development does NOT automatically
lead to sustainable development and poverty reduction, but
standards of sustainable production and consumption must be
the basis upon which all industries are based. They must be
set within the limits of the earth's carrying capacity, sharing
equitably the burdens of the ecological footprint and internalising
the external costs, respecting the polluter pays principle.
10. to stimulate sustainability reporting within the private
sector, by developing clear indicators to monitor and guide
sustainable industrial development. All large enterprises
should utilize principles of corporate responsibility and
accountability to ensure open communication and transparency,
also with respect to ownership and decision making.
11. to develop short production and consumption chains to
avoid unnecessary transport, with added value to manufacturer.
12. to implement the Millennium Development Goals and the
goals of the JPOI by ensuring that benefits from industrial
development in the South remain in the South, and by avoiding
at all costs, negative consequences such as pollution, waste
dumping, low salaries, bad working circumstances. Industrial
development in richer countries cannot be based on the exploitation
of the poorer ones.
in air pollution and atmosphere
13. to promote clean public transport alternatives. Vehicles,
particularly those driven by diesel engines, are the main
cause of urban air pollution. Cities that have taken decisive
steps to curb transport-related air pollution have introduced
innovative measures such as mandatory replacement of diesel
with CNG or congestion fees and public transport alternatives.
14. to develop an 'indoor clean-air' health/environment policy.
These policies must include access to affordable, cleaner
and environment-friendly cooking and heating facilities. such
as efficient, smokeless and cleaner-burning biomass stoves,
biogas and solar cookers. Policies should include the promotion
of simple technologies to allow for greater ventilation of
smoke from indoor fires. Environmental and social impact assessments
should also be used when promoting such technologies.
15. to make available an adequate technology to curb burning
of garbage from local heaps and national land fills and outlaw
incineration of garbage emitting toxic fumes.
in climate change
16. to hold all member countries accountable to the commitments
in the Kyoto Protocol and not allow non-members to direct
progress. It is essential to promote early benefits implicit
in the protocol concerning transformation of global energy
systems in areas such as: job generation, market opportunities,
reduced emissions and greater energy self-reliance.
17. to stabilize the climate by keeping man-made climate change
well below 2OC as a global average. Hence no country can claim
post 2012 Kyoto negotiation privileges, but allocation of
emission rights should be based on equitable principles. Action
is needed immediately to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases
while simultaneously meet the demands of the MDGs.
18. to support most vulnerable and poor communities in their
efforts to adapt to climate change.
19. to prevent the transfer of costs for mitigation to developing
countries through the Clean Development Mechanisms, supporting
the development of socially and environmentally sound CDM
projects that respect the 'gold standard'.
20. to achieve Good Governance, including respect for social
justice, human rights, gender equality, democratic institutions
and sustainable policies.
21. to make financial instruments of governments more effective
in promoting sustainable policies and inter alia, implement
Environmental Fiscal Reforms (EFR), as suggested by OECD guidelines.
22. to improve system-wide coherence (within and outside the
UN system) and achieve compatibility within international
institutions in line with Agenda 21 and JPOI.
23. to include education for sustainable development in all
curricula, as sustainable development is not possible without
awareness and contribution of current and future generations.